Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Why does Candide select Martin to be his travel companion?
Princeton University Press, When this occurs, the little basic sentence has a tendency to expand, though not beyond modest proportions.
The pattern then becomes subject-verb-adverb-object, or subject-adjective-verb-adverb-object, or subject-adjective-verb-adverb-adverb-object-adjective, or one of the many combinations which these patterns will offer.
These various additions have the task of adding modifications, qualifications, value-judgments which the story will accumulate and coordinate into some unified meaning.
At times, one of the elements will extend itself, giving the impression of a broadened horizon in time and space. Finally, the basic sentence, lengthened or unlengthened, may break into a relative clause, or a series of relative clauses, or a causal, temporal, concessive, or participial clause, or a series of subordinate clauses.
The extension of these really long and sometimes complicated sentences is carried out in the terms of the sentence itself, for the purpose of contrast, balance, or buildup. Whatever the terms, a constant effort is made to keep the pattern symmetrical and the rhythm formal: The merit of the basic sentence is apparent.
As long as it is kept short, it presents an opportunity for the densest sort of action, since its verbs are multiplied and varied. The effect should be one of continuous, sharp, exasperating, inevitable, variable little actions which can build up into a flood of paradoxical, ironical, contradictory, but overwhelming action.
There is danger, however, that these short sentences will become monotonous; there is further danger that the story will become more important than its meaning. The moderately expanded short sentence presents an opportunity for avoiding both of these difficulties.
The modifying adjective-adverb factors take some of the continuous, exasperating sharpness out of the closely packed action, and at the same time give depth to the meaning. In addition, when one of the elements begins to expand, an explosive effect is added to the movement effect of the primary form.
These explosive sentences serve as a halfway stage between that form and the enlarged, complicated sentences which go trailing off into space like oscillations of explosive sound. Thus, the rhythm is from dense, varied action, to deep, varied meaning, to all the ambiguities of density, variety, and depth which go trailing off into universal time and space and in an all-embracing judgment destroy and create simultaneously.
One of these sentences of gigantic sweep will suffice: If the explosive quality is wrapped up in the sentence and threatens to burst from any of its elements, the energy behind the explosive quality is certainly released from verbs.
We have already seen how the nature of the basic sentence itself offers the opportunity of increasing the number of verbs and therefore the quantity of energy released.
The following example will demonstrate this release of energy: The terrible contradiction in the two controlling energies of the sentence is apparent: The way Candide makes his request and the nature of the request represent two discordant energies paradoxically situated.
Moreover, the energies released in the first part of the sentence all concern Candide; then suddenly a whole series of energies concern the King; the latter series unites with the first only at the end, creating thereby a third energy mercy which goes dancing off into eternal time and space and concerns only indirectly Candide and the King.
A number of such cases might be cited. Their accumulation would build up an effect of limitless energy ill-directed and badly controlled. If this energy is the source of life, life must be a chaotic thing, contradicting itself, destroying itself, but creating itself, too, in an ironical, paradoxical, symbolic way.
This limitless energy is not so ill-directed or so badly controlled as it first seems. Thanks to the saving power of form some order is kept.
A factor in this order-keeping form is the amazing ease and grace with which Voltaire shifts from present to imperfect to perfect and back again.
In the case we have just cited, he even shoots the energy into the limitless future. This constant regard for timing the released energy is really a method of controlling and ordering it. But he is just as skillful in giving it direction by cleverly manipulating the infinitive, past participle, and present participle.
Hundreds of other cases might be cited. An interesting one occurs in the last chapter where la Vieille uses the infinitive to summarize the action of the whole book: The role played by infinitives in the release of energy is apparent in this example.
They complement the action of modal verbs, and they also designate pure action, that is action in the process of developing with scant reference to time and space.
In their own peculiar way, they generalize or depersonalize action. Furthermore, they give it tremendous variety. At times they occur in veritable phalanxes, for instance: Past participles are more useful still. Contrary to the infinitive which marks pure action, they note not only the action itself, but the source of the action, the recipient of the action, the actual condition and value quality that the action possesses.
These four possibilities can be seen schematically: These forms occur in great abundance in Candide. The story is related with the marvelous variety of tense forms so characteristic of Voltaire.Author of the satirical novella 'Candide,' Voltaire is widely considered one of France's greatest Enlightenment writers.
Voltaire, in keeping with other Enlightenment thinkers of the era, was a. Home» Essay Topics and Quotations» Candide Thesis Statements and Important Quotes. Candide Thesis Statements and Important Quotes.
|Candide, Voltaire - Essay - feelthefish.com||When his father found out, he sent Voltaire to study law, this time in CaenNormandy.|
This list of important quotations from Candide by Voltaire will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims. All of the important quotes .
Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from Candide at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay. Voltaire was at Geneva, and the horrible news threw him into the deepest distress. The poem into which he condensed his pain and his doubts is not a leisurely and polished piece of art.
It has technical defects, and is unequal in inspiration. Essay on Satire in Voltaire's Candide Words | 3 Pages. Use of Satire in Voltaire’s Candide Voltaire successfully uses satire as a means of conveying his opinions about life. In his novel, Candide, Voltaire satirizes the philosopher Liebnitz's philosophy that this is the best of all possible worlds.
Explore some of Voltaire, Essay on Tolerance best quotations and sayings on feelthefish.com -- such as 'Think for yourselves and let others enjoy the privilege to do so too.' and more.